Relate the subject, form and figures. For example, why is the sonnet used? Why is a figure used? What relationship is there between the theme and the most important figures in the poem? What relationship is there between the poem’s musicality (meter, rhythm, rhyme, etc.) and the theme?
The written analysis can only be done after having identified the formal and conceptual aspects. The best essays have an introduction that states the elements in the poem, and a thesis that explains the relationship between these elements.
Exemplification arguments should signal other poems that are similar to the poem that’s being used as the object of the essay. It should be similar in the aspects that the essayist considers are the most important aspects. Authority arguments should point out the potential relationship between the poem’s theme and one of the three known dimensions of human life: ETHICAL DIMENSION, AESTHETIC DIMENSION OR PHILOSOPHICAL DIMENSION (here, you follow the theory and application for literary essays proposed by the professor Alejandro Rubio García). Analogy arguments are applied in a normal way. And, cause-effect arguments point out the emotions the poem produces – especially in the person analyzing it (i.e., You) – based in the literary figures identified in the rhyme and the vocabulary, as was mentioned at the beginning of this analysis.