Professionals in language therapy are not the ones to teach reading and writing skills, but they can acquire knowledge on the Global Method in order to apply it with kids that are in age to learn to read and write and have developmental problems.
For instance, it can be applied with kids that, even having chronologically appropriate cognitive and mental conditions, still have problems at home, which might include divorce, addiction, and abuse, among others. Any of these issues can affect the child’s performance, delaying the acquisition of writing and reading skills.
The language therapist can apply this method and profit from it, since it encourages the kid to open up and talk about his or her experiences, which can help evaluate if he or she shows signs of problems in language acquisition.
At the age of six, children perceive their surrounding as a whole, without particular attention to details that they consider irrelevant; if they are asked to draw a human body, for example, they would do a general scheme, without sketching particular characteristics.
Therefore, before taking a huge step such as learning writing and reading skills, it’s important to value the best method for it, so the child can learn in a natural way, taking his or her needs into consideration, and building from his or her previous experience at home.
The Global Method is a tool that helps to teach to read and write in a functional way. This method uses the children’s previous experiences as a basis, and incorporates stories, songs, dramatization, poetry, etc.
This method consists on a series of steps that have to be followed correctly in order for the whole process to be effective, working from the complex to the simple. The first thing to do is put the kid in contact with the word, starting from the sentence and then getting into the letter and syllable, which for the kid is abstract and void of any meaning or sense, in contrast to the word which is meaningful in itself.