CREATION OF AN ESSAY: SCHEME
- What is a philosophical essay? An essay is defending a thesis with the help of arguments. It is not a mere report portraying unfounded opinions, but rather, the need to go through an argumentative process in which we ought to give reasons for our affirmations and opinions. An essay shouldn’t be a compilation of ideas from other thinkers: there needs to be a critical perspective or a personal stance. This doesn’t mean that we must come up with a brilliant or original idea, but perhaps try to have a perspective on what want to set forth and/or expose.
- Scheme: before beginning to write and essay, it is convenient to clarify what we wish to say, and organize our ideas. We are talking about structure of a scheme prior any type of writing. This scheme consists of three mayor points:
- Introduction: This is where you will present the problem and so the hypothesis regarding this problem. Exposing the thesis and its problem.
- Development: this is the argumentative body, the central part of the essay in which you will create and develop the arguments, counter-arguments, extracts, etc… You may appeal to several paths (that is to say, argumentative techniques and/or devices: valid premise transitions, examples, comparisons, making the opposite stance sound absurd, etc…) which will aide in sustaining or persuading the reader regarding the veracity of the thesis. However, we must clarify that an argument doesn’t always express pure logic, but rather a lexical construction. In this sense, it isn’t a bad idea to argument in clear and fine English, by using oratory resources once employed by ancient thinkers.
- Conclusion: this is where the initial hypothesis is reaffirmed; It is a recap of the path we have gone through. You may include other perspectives or extensions to the problem we just explored.