Analysis and interpretation of data
When the report is simple and short, you can add this section to the previous one. The analysis of numerical data can include graphs and diagrams. You can also use statistical methods to find the connections between them. Observations that are not mathematical should be analyzed and interpreted in light of the hypotheses that are being tested. In simpler words, if the experimental data supports or confirms your theory, the observations should be organized in such a manner that they clearly show this support or confirmation.
In this section, you should reexamine the hypotheses one by one, and reject those that didn’t pass the test. The hypotheses that are supported by the results of the research should be accepted provisionally while waiting for confirmation. It’s not often that a hypothesis is completely accepted. When the case merits it, you should discuss in this section the consequences of rejecting or accepting hypotheses based on the theories discussed previously.
Implications and recommendations
Sometimes, this section is dedicated to “generalizations”, because it should deal with all the possible consequences that the results of the research can have on other branches of science, and whether they’ll help people gain a better understanding of them. You should also mention a new problem (or the revision of a hypothesis) that could have come up as a consequence of your research. Never try to establish illogical connections between your research’s results and other fields of study or interest.
Summary of the results
A scientific report should always end with a short summary of the main results of the investigation. Often, it’s useful and convenient to start the summary by simply saying: “The main findings in this study were” and then detail them.
Bibliography is the generic name given to the ordered presentation of sources. These sources can be books, magazines, interviews, etc. Broadly speaking, the bibliography is divided into two parts: the general, formed by basic works related to the researched subject, and the one quoted by the author, which can appear in the footnotes throughout the work or at the end of the report. When it comes to the presentation of the bibliographical references, each branch of science has its own specifications. In general, you usually cite the name of the author and the title of the work, and then you include all the information related to the publication (edition date, number of pages, publishing house, number of illustrations, etc.).